Lexicon of the Hamas Organization





Iran. Credit: ‘The World’ FB page.

Iran, a country with a rich tapestry of history dating back a millennia, underwent a pivotal transformation in 1979 that set the stage for its contemporary role in Middle Eastern politics. The Islamic Revolution not only reshaped Iran’s internal structures but also its external relations, particularly with entities like Hamas and within the broader Arab-Israeli conflict. 

Iran – Background Information

Iran is located in Western Asia, Iran is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It was once the heart of the Persian Empire, a cultural and political powerhouse. The modern state of Iran was known as Persia until 1935 when it was renamed to reflect its indigenous heritage. Iran’s strategic position and abundant natural resources, particularly oil, have made it a focal point of international interest and intervention.

The 20th century was a period of significant change for Iran, culminating in the 1979 Islamic Revolution. The revolution saw the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty and the establishment of the Islamic Republic, led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. This shift from a secular, Western-aligned monarchy to a theocratic Islamic regime significantly altered Iran’s domestic policies and international alignments.

Iran’s Political Situation Post-1979 Revolution: 

After 1979, Iran’s political structure centered around Islamic governance, with the Supreme Leader holding ultimate authority. The country’s foreign policy pivoted towards opposing Western influence in the Middle East, particularly the United States and its ally, Israel. Iran positioned itself as a defender of Islamic values and supporter of Muslim causes, leading to complex relationships with its neighbors and the international community.

Iran and the Hamas Organization: A Strategic Alliance

Hamas’s Ismail Haniyeh and Iran’s President Raisi. Credit: ‘Reuters’ FB page.

Iran’s support for Hamas, a Palestinian terrorist militant group, has drawn international attention and scrutiny. Hamas, labeled a terrorist organization by several countries, including the United States, has found a steadfast ally in Iran. This alliance is rooted in Iran’s ideological alignment with Hamas’s resistance to Israel and its vision of an Islamic state. Iran’s financial and military aid to Hamas has played a significant role in shaping the dynamics of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

The Arab-Israeli Conflict: A Long-Standing Struggle

The Arab-Israeli conflict, a protracted struggle spanning decades, has left an indelible mark on the Middle East. Iran’s involvement in this conflict extends beyond mere rhetoric; it has actively supported Hezbollah, a Lebanese militant group engaged in conflicts with Israel. Furthermore, Iran’s nuclear program has raised concerns among Western powers and Israel, as it is perceived as a potential threat to regional stability. The fear of nuclear proliferation adds another layer of complexity to the already tense situation in the Middle East.




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