Lexicon of the Hamas Organization





Ashkelon Coast Line. Credit: Inbar Cohen’s FB page.

Nestled along the Mediterranean coast, Ashkelon is a city that epitomizes the blend of ancient history and contemporary geopolitical challenges. Known for its biblical references and archaeological significance, today’s Ashkelon faces unique challenges due to its proximity to the Gaza Strip and the ongoing conflict with Hamas.

Historical Background

Ashkelon’s history is as rich as it is tumultuous. The city has seen the rise and fall of several civilizations, including the Canaanites, Philistines, Persians, and Romans. Its ancient port once bustled with trade and cultural exchange. Archaeological findings, such as the famous Ashkelon dog burials, provide a glimpse into the city’s diverse past.

Geographical Location

Situated about 50 kilometers south of Tel Aviv, Ashkelon is part of Israel’s Southern District. Its strategic location on the coast has historically made it a coveted possession for various empires. Today, this location places Ashkelon in a challenging position, being just about 13 kilometers from the Gaza Strip.

The Impact of the Conflict with Hamas

For residents of Ashkelon, the proximity to Gaza is not just a matter of geography but a daily reality that shapes their lives. The city has frequently found itself on the front lines of the conflict between Israel and Hamas, the militant group that has controlled Gaza since 2007.

Rocket Attacks: Ashkelon has been a target for rocket attacks from Gaza. These attacks, often indiscriminate, pose a constant threat to the civilian population, disrupting daily life and causing trauma, especially among children.

Iron Dome Defense: Israel’s Iron Dome missile defense system, often activated during these attacks, has been crucial in protecting Ashkelon’s residents. The system’s success in intercepting incoming rockets has undoubtedly saved many lives but has not eliminated the fear and anxiety associated with these attacks.

Psychological Impact: Beyond physical damage, the frequent sirens and rushes to bomb shelters take a psychological toll on the residents. The uncertainty and stress associated with living under the constant threat of attack have profound effects on mental health, particularly among young people.

Community Resilience: Despite these challenges, the people of Ashkelon have shown remarkable resilience. Community support systems, emergency response teams, and local leadership play a vital role in helping the city cope with these adversities.

Recent Developments

In recent years, Ashkelon has seen both escalations and periods of uneasy calm. Significant incidents include:

Escalations in Hostilities: Periods of intense conflict, such as those in 2014 and 2021, saw a dramatic increase in rocket attacks on Ashkelon, leading to civilian casualties and property damage. These episodes also trigger retaliatory strikes by the Israeli military, further escalating the situation.

Ceasefires and Diplomatic Efforts: Temporary ceasefires have brought short periods of respite to the residents. Diplomatic efforts, often mediated by other countries or international organizations, attempt to de-escalate tensions but have yet to lead to a long-term solution.

Infrastructure and Preparedness: The city has continued to invest in infrastructure to improve its preparedness for future conflicts. This includes better bomb shelters, early warning systems, and psychological support services for those affected by the conflict.


Ashkelon’s story is one of historical richness shadowed by contemporary challenges. The city’s residents live in a unique intersection of past and present, where archaeological sites sit alongside missile defense systems. The ongoing conflict with Hamas-ruled Gaza continues to impact their lives, but the community’s resilience and solidarity stand as a testament to their determination to thrive despite these challenges.



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